Continue reading Allied War Crimes in World War II: Munich–St. Achaz
5-1 Parish Munich–St. Achaz
Reporter: Pastor Vinzenz Irger
Date: No date
The parish had almost not suffered from billeting. There were also only a few plunderings. The attide of the enemy [American] troops was absolutely impeccable, at least during the first days.
Later, of course, some excesses and rapes occured.
Report by vicar Friedrich Frei about his business trip across the archdiocese, May 9th through 19th, 1945
The Americans invaded Moosburg fighting — rapes: quite a number of women and girls defended themselves despite being threatened with a weapon and thus have preserved their female honor
Original German Text
5. Bericht von Domvikar Friedrich Frei über seine Dienstfahrt durch die Erzdiözese, 9.-19. Mai 1945
In Moosburg sind die Amerikaner kämpfend eingedrungen — Vergewaltigungen: eine ganze Anzahl von Frauen und Mädchen haben sich trotz vorgehaltener Schußwaffe standhaft gewehrt und so ihre Frauenehre gerettet […]
The End of World War II in archbishopric Munich and Freising, vol. I, p. 159
Continue reading Allied War Crimes in World War II: Parish Munich-St. Peter and Paul/Allach
4-10. Parish Munich-St. Peter and Paul/Allach
Reporter: Pastor Michael Fichter
Date: October 25th, 1945
b) In the first night after the invasion there were 20 American soldiers in the rectory. They cooked in the pastor’s kitchen. The pastor had to bring them the wood.
The entire rectory has been searched from top to bottom. They took as souvenirs
* 3 watches,
* 4 fountain pens,
* 2 woolen blankets and other things,
* about 1500 Reichsmarks cash, among them 200 Reichsmarks for scholarships.
Three days were necessary to clean up the flat.
In the neighbor’s houses it was similar or worse. In the house of the sacristan many things were destroyed and money stolen.
In other houses Americans hunted for women and girls with the intent to rape them. This was the first night.
On May 1st the Russians, Poles, Italians started to pillage. Thousands of them lived in the various camps nearby. First, the Diamalt Building Allach was opened by the Americans and released for plundering.
Then the same happened with commercial buildings. Many locals participated on the looting as well.
Before the invasion, a train with Wehrmacht’s goods (textiles, shoes, food etc.) has been pillaged. At last, it was the turn of the private flats, especially those of the members of NSDAP. Because of mistakes and denunciation, other houses [not belonging to NSDAP members] were affected as well.
In the evening, a leaden fear lay over the village. There were rumors about a “St. Bartholomew’s Day massacre” during which all men were to be murdered and all women and girls raped. Entire Allach should go up in flames because there was a branch of the Dachau concentration camp in Allach.
The pillaging continued during the following days. In farmer’s houses ducks, geese, chicken, pigs, eggs, grain etc. was stolen. On the streets, bicycles and cars were requisitioned.
d) Finally, the pillaging was stopped in the village, but continued in the dispersed [detached] farmsteads and houses. Robber gangs in American uniforms came in the night in buses, shot into the houses, beat people, pillaged, took a cow or a pig etc.
Continue reading Allied War Crimes in World War II: Munich-St. Martin/Untermenzing
4-9. Parish Munich-St. Martin/Untermenzing
Reporter: Pastor Friedrich Oeller
Date: August 1945
3. The Aftermath
After the invasion the Americans began with the house searches. The rectory has been searched three times.
The American soldiers were respectable, some of them (Catholics!) very courteous. Only a couple of bottles of sacramental wine were stolen.
But from the parish itself came complaints, some of them heavy, about pillaging by the troops.
Also, three cases of rape were reported.