Allied War Crimes in World War II: Parish Munich-St. Peter and Paul/Allach

4-10. Parish Munich-St. Peter and Paul/Allach
Reporter: Pastor Michael Fichter
Date: October 25th, 1945
[…]
b) In the first night after the invasion there were 20 American soldiers in the rectory. They cooked in the pastor’s kitchen. The pastor had to bring them the wood.

The entire rectory has been searched from top to bottom. They took as souvenirs

* 3 watches,

* 4 fountain pens,

* 2 woolen blankets and other things,

* about 1500 Reichsmarks cash, among them 200 Reichsmarks for scholarships.
[…]
Three days were necessary to clean up the flat.

In the neighbor’s houses it was similar or worse. In the house of the sacristan many things were destroyed and money stolen.

In other houses Americans hunted for women and girls with the intent to rape them. This was the first night.

[…]

On May 1st the Russians, Poles, Italians started to pillage. Thousands of them lived in the various camps nearby. First, the Diamalt Building Allach was opened by the Americans and released for plundering.

Then the same happened with commercial buildings. Many locals participated on the looting as well.

Before the invasion, a train with Wehrmacht’s goods (textiles, shoes, food etc.) has been pillaged. At last, it was the turn of the private flats, especially those of the members of NSDAP. Because of mistakes and denunciation, other houses [not belonging to NSDAP members] were affected as well.

In the evening, a leaden fear lay over the village. There were rumors about a “St. Bartholomew’s Day massacre” during which all men were to be murdered and all women and girls raped. Entire Allach should go up in flames because there was a branch of the Dachau concentration camp in Allach.

[…]

The pillaging continued during the following days. In farmer’s houses ducks, geese, chicken, pigs, eggs, grain etc. was stolen. On the streets, bicycles and cars were requisitioned.

[…]

d) Finally, the pillaging was stopped in the village, but continued in the dispersed [detached] farmsteads and houses. Robber gangs in American uniforms came in the night in buses, shot into the houses, beat people, pillaged, took a cow or a pig etc.

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Allied War Crimes in World War II: Munich-St. Martin/Untermenzing

4-9. Parish Munich-St. Martin/Untermenzing
Reporter: Pastor Friedrich Oeller
Date: August 1945
[…]
3. The Aftermath

After the invasion the Americans began with the house searches. The rectory has been searched three times.

The American soldiers were respectable, some of them (Catholics!) very courteous. Only a couple of bottles of sacramental wine were stolen.

But from the parish itself came complaints, some of them heavy, about pillaging by the troops.

Also, three cases of rape were reported.

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Why nobody talks of American war crimes in World War II

“After the war, it was easier to talk about the Red Army raping women,” says Gerhardt, than to challenge the collective memory of the western Allies in 1945 as liberators. Stereotypes from the First World War of uncivilized Russians from the East, and Nazi-era propaganda about the Red Army also played their role, explains the author of the book, called “When the Soldiers Came.”

While spreading stories of “uncivilized” and “brutal” Russian soldiers, many Western historians have remained silent on the massive casualties sustained by the Soviet Union during the Second World War. While the war claimed the lives of 418,000 Americans, 600,000 French nationals and 450,000 Britons, the USSR’s casualties amounted to 27 million. On Soviet territory, Nazi soldiers committed hideous atrocities on a scale that could hardly be imagined by the West, such as the hanging and burning alive of peaceful civilians, including women and children.

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American rape in an idyll

In the idyllic Oberwarngau in district Miesbach two sisters are mowing on June 20th, 1945. One GI jumps from the forest, shoots one young woman, and chokes the other one. Then, he drags her into the undergrowth and abuses her. Because he doesn’t have cartridges, he tries to kill her with a stone.

You can find more information about the violence of American troops against civilians in Europe here.

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Lethal rapes committed by US soldiers in Upper Bavaria

Rapes with lethal consequences occured in Munich’s vicariate Mariahilf, where a woman from the Welfenstrasse was first abused, and then shot by American soldiers.

In Unterstein bei Berchtesgaden an 11-year old girl is shot in her foot during an escape attempt.

A woman injures herself when she jumps from a balcony.

In Tittmoning a woman dies due to an acute cardiac death because both of her daughters are threatened by GIs.

In Schönberg a young woman dies because of an abortion done wrong.

You can find more information about the violence of American troops against civilians in Europe here.

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“Hunt for women and girls”: American mass rapes in Upper Bavaria

Overall, the invasion reports of pastors in Archdiocese of Munich-Freising show an oppressive picture of an actual, comprehensive mass rape in Upper Bavaria, committed primarily by US soldiers, occasionally also by the French. Among others, it happened in

1. Lochhausen,
2. Obertaufkirchen,
3. Feldmoching,
4. Schellenberg bei Salzburg,
5. Neumarkt,
6. Oberau,
7. Ebersberg,
8. Grafing,
9. Holzkirchen,
10. Freising,
11. Miesbach (incl. rapes of children),
12. Moosach,
13. Kirchdorf bei Haag,
14. Wolfratshausen,
15. Otterfing,
16. Traunstein,

as well as in Munich in the parishes

* St. Emmeram,
* St. Achaz and
* Namen Jesu.

In many communities the pastors write generally about a “hunt for women and girls”, e. g. in Allach.

You can find more information about the violence of American troops against civilians in Europe here.

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American rapes in Dorfen

Pastor Matthias Kern from the parish St. Wolfgang in Dorfen writes:

“It had bad and exciting consequences that during the first two weeks cars with black and white soldiers came from Dorfen. Their pretext was to search for [German] soldiers. They forced their way into the houses and pounced on women and girls. Possibly, the rape may have succeeded in 5 to 10 cases.”

You can find more information about the violence of American troops against civilians in Europe here.

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What happens when you are female and trust American “liberators” in 1945

Pastor Ludwig Axenböck from the parish Schönau writes on July 21st, 1945: “A woman who lived in Mailling and who has been evacuated from Munich spent a lot of time with the Americans, drank with them. They threw her from the car in a forest and drove over her. She suffered a quintuple pelvis fracture and had to spend 10 weeks in the hospital of Aibling.”

You can find more information about the violence of American troops against civilians in Europe here.

Sources

  • Mirjam Gebhardt, “Als die Soldaten kamen“, chapter 3, “Wer schützt uns vor den Amerikanern?” (“Who protects us against the Americans?”)

The biggest problem of pastor Stephan from parish Oberhummel

Cleric Stephan from parish Oberhummel is particularly pitiless in his feelings. He writes that there have been heavy plunderigs and rapes.

But the “biggest problem” are liberated concentration camp inmates to whom the best food was offered. They ate too much of it and got sick.

You can find more information about the violence of American troops against civilians in Europe here.

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