Allied War Crimes in World War II: Munich–St. Michael/Lochhausen

7-7 Parish Munich–St. Michael/Lochhausen
Reporter: Pastor Johann Baptist Wallner
Date: 31. Juli 1945
[…]
During the invasion of the American troops a lot of inhabitants were awakened by shots and hitting on the doors with rifle butts. The streets were empty. The occupation of the entire area of the parish was completed before noon. It proceeded without loss of life among the inhabitants.

In a couple of cases, women were raped.

[…]
There were many cases of destruction of furniture, plundering of jewelry, watches, clothing, money, food. Only on a few occasions did the American troop take away wedding rings, jewelry and and money. In one restaurant they took away a part of the cookware. In multiple cases radios were taken away. From the peasants, the troops demanded or took away the eggs.

Continue reading Allied War Crimes in World War II: Munich–St. Michael/Lochhausen

Allied War Crimes in World War II: Munich–St. Canisius

7-3 Parish Munich–St. Canisius
Reporter: Pastor DDr. Franz Xaver Kendler
Date: September 17th, 1945
[…]
The Americans moved in into Großhadern on Monday, April 30th, at 4 p. m. without any fighting. They came from Kleinhadern.
[…]
On Tuesday the houses were searched for weapons. Several, not all too heavy cases of pillaging occurred.
[…]
Unfortunately, three rapes happened.
[…]

Original German Text

7-3 Pfarrei München-St. Canisius
Berichterstatter: Stadtpfarrer DDr. Franz Xaver Kendler
Datum: 17. September 1945
[…]
[Die Amerikaner] zogen am Montag, den 30. April, ohne jeden Kampf von Kleinhadern her um 4 Uhr nachmittags in Großhadern ein.
[…]
Am Dienstag wurden die Häuser nach Waffen durchsucht, wobei manche, aber im Ganzen nicht allzu schwere Fälle an Plünderungen vorkamen.
[…]
Bedauerlicherweise kamen drei Vergewaltigungen vor.
[…]

Source

The End of World War II in archbishopric Munich and Freising, vol. I, section 7-3, pp. 343–344

Allied War Crimes in World War II: Gräfelfing, Upper Bavaria, Germany

7-2 Parish Gräfelfing
Reporter: Pastor Johann Schulz
Date: August 31st, 1945
[…]
The invasion of the Americans in Gräfeling happened without fighting.
[…]
During the first days a lot has been pillaged in the village, primarily wine, food, jewelry, radios etc.
[…]

Also some rapes occured.
In the rectory it could be prevented that the Americans took away some things. Among others, about 15 to 20 bottles of sacramental wine were stolen.
[…]

Gräfelfing is a municipality in the district of Munich, in Bavaria, Germany. It is located 1 km west of Munich.

Continue reading Allied War Crimes in World War II: Gräfelfing, Upper Bavaria, Germany

Allied War Crimes in World War II: Munich–St. Achaz

5-1 Parish Munich–St. Achaz
Reporter: Pastor Vinzenz Irger
Date: No date

[…]

The parish had almost not suffered from billeting. There were also only a few plunderings. The attide of the enemy [American] troops was absolutely impeccable, at least during the first days.

Later, of course, some excesses and rapes occured.

Continue reading Allied War Crimes in World War II: Munich–St. Achaz

Allied War Crimes in World War II: Moosburg

Report by vicar Friedrich Frei about his business trip across the archdiocese, May 9th through 19th, 1945

[…]

The Americans invaded Moosburg fighting — rapes: quite a number of women and girls defended themselves despite being threatened with a weapon and thus have preserved their female honor

Original German Text

5. Bericht von Domvikar Friedrich Frei über seine Dienstfahrt durch die Erzdiözese, 9.-19. Mai 1945
[…]
In Moosburg sind die Amerikaner kämpfend eingedrungen — Vergewaltigungen: eine ganze Anzahl von Frauen und Mädchen haben sich trotz vorgehaltener Schußwaffe standhaft gewehrt und so ihre Frauenehre gerettet […]

Source

The End of World War II in archbishopric Munich and Freising, vol. I, p. 159

Allied War Crimes in World War II: Parish Munich-St. Peter and Paul/Allach

4-10. Parish Munich-St. Peter and Paul/Allach
Reporter: Pastor Michael Fichter
Date: October 25th, 1945
[…]
b) In the first night after the invasion there were 20 American soldiers in the rectory. They cooked in the pastor’s kitchen. The pastor had to bring them the wood.

The entire rectory has been searched from top to bottom. They took as souvenirs

* 3 watches,

* 4 fountain pens,

* 2 woolen blankets and other things,

* about 1500 Reichsmarks cash, among them 200 Reichsmarks for scholarships.
[…]
Three days were necessary to clean up the flat.

In the neighbor’s houses it was similar or worse. In the house of the sacristan many things were destroyed and money stolen.

In other houses Americans hunted for women and girls with the intent to rape them. This was the first night.

[…]

On May 1st the Russians, Poles, Italians started to pillage. Thousands of them lived in the various camps nearby. First, the Diamalt Building Allach was opened by the Americans and released for plundering.

Then the same happened with commercial buildings. Many locals participated on the looting as well.

Before the invasion, a train with Wehrmacht’s goods (textiles, shoes, food etc.) has been pillaged. At last, it was the turn of the private flats, especially those of the members of NSDAP. Because of mistakes and denunciation, other houses [not belonging to NSDAP members] were affected as well.

In the evening, a leaden fear lay over the village. There were rumors about a “St. Bartholomew’s Day massacre” during which all men were to be murdered and all women and girls raped. Entire Allach should go up in flames because there was a branch of the Dachau concentration camp in Allach.

[…]

The pillaging continued during the following days. In farmer’s houses ducks, geese, chicken, pigs, eggs, grain etc. was stolen. On the streets, bicycles and cars were requisitioned.

[…]

d) Finally, the pillaging was stopped in the village, but continued in the dispersed [detached] farmsteads and houses. Robber gangs in American uniforms came in the night in buses, shot into the houses, beat people, pillaged, took a cow or a pig etc.

Continue reading Allied War Crimes in World War II: Parish Munich-St. Peter and Paul/Allach

Allied War Crimes in World War II: Munich-St. Martin/Untermenzing

4-9. Parish Munich-St. Martin/Untermenzing
Reporter: Pastor Friedrich Oeller
Date: August 1945
[…]
3. The Aftermath

After the invasion the Americans began with the house searches. The rectory has been searched three times.

The American soldiers were respectable, some of them (Catholics!) very courteous. Only a couple of bottles of sacramental wine were stolen.

But from the parish itself came complaints, some of them heavy, about pillaging by the troops.

Also, three cases of rape were reported.

Continue reading Allied War Crimes in World War II: Munich-St. Martin/Untermenzing

Why nobody talks of American war crimes in World War II

“After the war, it was easier to talk about the Red Army raping women,” says Gerhardt, than to challenge the collective memory of the western Allies in 1945 as liberators. Stereotypes from the First World War of uncivilized Russians from the East, and Nazi-era propaganda about the Red Army also played their role, explains the author of the book, called “When the Soldiers Came.”

While spreading stories of “uncivilized” and “brutal” Russian soldiers, many Western historians have remained silent on the massive casualties sustained by the Soviet Union during the Second World War. While the war claimed the lives of 418,000 Americans, 600,000 French nationals and 450,000 Britons, the USSR’s casualties amounted to 27 million. On Soviet territory, Nazi soldiers committed hideous atrocities on a scale that could hardly be imagined by the West, such as the hanging and burning alive of peaceful civilians, including women and children.

Continue reading Why nobody talks of American war crimes in World War II

American rape in an idyll

In the idyllic Oberwarngau in district Miesbach two sisters are mowing on June 20th, 1945. One GI jumps from the forest, shoots one young woman, and chokes the other one. Then, he drags her into the undergrowth and abuses her. Because he doesn’t have cartridges, he tries to kill her with a stone.

You can find more information about the violence of American troops against civilians in Europe here.

Continue reading American rape in an idyll